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国新办举行发布会 :余艳红介绍中医药
在参与新冠肺炎疫情防控和救治中发挥重要作用
 
时间:2020-03-27 14:38:53

  来源:国务院新闻办 2020-03-23

配图来源:中国政府网

  余艳红:各位记者朋友,大家下午好!这是我第三次来到国新办在湖北举行的新闻发布会,前两次发布会中,我已经对中医药所做的工作、发挥的作用作了一些介绍,我要感谢记者朋友们,就相关内容的报道,你们的认可与肯定是对我们继续做好相关工作的巨大鼓励。

  随着疫情发展不同阶段的到来,特别是当前疫情进入了全球性的大流行期,中医药在中国的经验能为世界分享什么?很多媒体朋友非常关注。

  记者朋友们,在新冠肺炎疫情构成全球性威胁的时候,今天我和几位专家来到这里,期待通过更多的对话与交流,与大家分享中医药参与疫情防控和救治的有关情况。

  习近平总书记高度重视新冠肺炎疫情防控工作,亲自领导、亲自指挥、亲自部署这场斗争,多次强调要坚持中西医结合、中医药并用。在以习近平同志为核心的党中央领导下,贯彻中央应对疫情工作领导小组的部署,按照李克强总理和王沪宁同志的要求,以孙春兰副总理为组长的中央指导组,强力推动中医药全面介入、深度参与新冠肺炎救治工作。在这次疫情防控中,中医药主要开展了以下几个方面的工作:

  第一,调集精锐力量。从全国调来4900余名中医药人员驰援湖北,约占援鄂医护人员总数的13%,其中有院士3人,数百名专家。这次中医药援助队伍规模之大、力量之强,是前所未有的。

  第二,分类开展救治。轻症治疗和恢复期治疗中医药早期介入,重症、危重症实行中西医结合,制定了相应的治疗规范和技术方案。在武汉疫情爆发早期,许多疑似病人在隔离点等待确诊,我们及时给予中药汤剂或中成药,有效缓解了病情发展,缓解了医疗资源紧张的压力。

  第三,筛选有效方药。推动科技攻关,对已经纳入第五、第六、第七版诊疗方案的中成药和方剂,我们进行了临床疗效的同步观察,目前已筛选出金花清感颗粒、莲花清瘟胶囊、血必净注射液和清肺排毒汤、化湿败毒方、宣肺败毒方等有明显疗效的“三药三方”。

  社会各界认为,中医药发挥了重要作用,成为了这次疫情防控的一大亮点。我这里有一组数据,全国新冠肺炎确诊病例中,有74187人使用了中医药,占91.5%,其中湖北省有61449人使用了中医药,占90.6%。临床疗效观察显示,中医药总有效率达到了90%以上。中医药能够有效缓解症状,能够减少轻型、普通型向重型发展,能够提高治愈率、降低病亡率,能够促进恢复期人群机体康复。

  此次新冠肺炎疫情防控中,中医药人第一时间上场,仁心仁术,大医精诚,凝聚了前行动力,彰显了特色优势,贡献了重要力量。

  记者朋友们,中医药学是中国古代科学的瑰宝,是融预防、治疗、康复为一体的整体医学,历史源远流长,家喻户晓,遇到重大疫病事件,都会从中寻找解决办法。孙思邈的《千金方》、张仲景的《伤寒杂病论》、吴又可的《温疫论》、吴鞠通的《温病条辨》等经典著作,系统地总结了中医药防治传染病的基础理论、临床实践、方剂药物和技术方法,凝结了古人对疫病防治规律不断探索、思考、总结的智慧。屠呦呦研究员从葛洪的《肘后备急方》中汲取灵感,发现了青蒿素,挽救了全球数百万人的生命,并因此获得诺贝尔生理学或医学奖。

  中医药治疗病毒性传染病也有良好效果。近年来,病毒性呼吸道传染病频发流行,中医药在治疗SARS、甲型H1N1等疾病方面也取得明显成效,为应对新发突发传染病积累了丰富的经验。研究证实,中药的整体调节,能够增强人体免疫力,同时还有抑制和杀灭病毒的作用。

  记者朋友们,此次新冠肺炎疫情在早期没有特效药、没有疫苗的情况下,总结中医药治疗病毒性传染病规律和经验,深入发掘古代经典名方,结合临床实践,形成了中医药和中西医结合治疗新冠肺炎的诊疗方案,成为中国方案的重要特色和优势,筛选了以“三药三方”为代表的一批有效方药。这次的实践再次充分证明,中医药学这个老祖宗留下来的宝贵财富屡经考验,历久弥新,值得珍惜,它依然好使、管用,并且经济易行。

  疫情没有国界,病毒是人类共同的敌人,我们所积累的这些宝贵的经验,有效的治疗方法,愿意拿出来供各国借鉴。正如世界卫生组织总干事谭德塞先生说的,中国疫情局势实现逆转,中国的抗疫措施经过实践取得明显成效,值得借鉴。

  在这里,借各位媒体朋友们的平台,我们想说,中国的中医药界愿与国际社会进一步加强合作交流,分享防疫和救治经验,向有需要的国家和地区提供有效中成药、专家咨询和力所能及的援助。谢谢大家。

  彭博新闻社记者:请问中国已经向哪些国家给出了中医药治疗新冠肺炎方面的建议,其他国家在治疗中是否使用了中医药?效果如何?

  余艳红:谢谢你对中医药国际合作的关心。公共卫生危机是人类面临的共同挑战,团结合作是最有力的武器。新冠肺炎疫情发生以后,许多国家和人民给予了我们中国无私的援助,不同国家人民喊出了“中国加油”“武汉加油”,让我们感觉到跨越国境的理解、支持与信任。现在疫情在多国、多点爆发,中方愿同有需求的国家开展中医药参与疫情防控的国际合作,并提供力所能及的援助。目前已经开展了以下几个方面的工作:

  一是分享救治经验,及时主动同世界卫生组织合作,分享中医药参与疫情防控的有关情况,把中国最新版本的新冠肺炎中医药诊疗方案翻译成英文,在国家中医药局官网新媒体上全文公开,并且主动跟有需求的国家和地区互相分享,可以随时在我们网上查阅这些方案。应该说,这些方案是在短时间内对几万病人集中管理和治疗中得出的最宝贵的经验,它确实是弥足珍贵的,效果也是很肯定的。我们还通过远程视频交流,提供技术方案等,向日本、韩国、意大利、伊朗、新加坡等国家分享救治经验,像我们在座的张伯礼教授、刘清泉教授,还有邱海波院长,他们是好几次通过视频会和国际连线,前几天好像张伯礼老师还和美国连线过,昨天我们仝小林院士也是通过远程会诊,跟远在伊朗的病人进行视频看病。

  第二,我们捐赠中药产品。中国有关组织和机构已经向意大利、法国等国和我国港澳地区等十几个国家和地区进行了捐赠中成药、饮片、针灸针等药品和器械。刚才我们张伯礼老师、黄璐琦院长对这方面进行了介绍,我就不再赘述了。

  第三,选派中医师赴外支援。我们关注到,已经有中医专家前往意大利、柬埔寨抗疫。据我所知,中国的中医药专家一直与境外相关专家保持着密切联系,从他们得到的反馈信息看,效果还是很好的。

  媒体朋友们,中医药是东方智慧在认识生命、阐释生活、揭示生死的生动实践中,为传染病防治提供了“未病先防”“既病防变”的策略,值得我们传承、发展和利用。我们国家的诺贝尔奖获得者屠呦呦先生在获奖时曾说过一句话,中医药是一个伟大宝藏,青蒿素是中医药献给世界的礼物。我相信,中医药以前是、现在是、未来仍然是人类抗“疫”的重要武器。我们愿与世界各国携手前行,早日战胜新冠疫情,共同为促进人类健康书写华彩篇章。谢谢!

NewsConference of the Information Office of the State
Council: Yu Yanhong Briefing the Important Role of TCM
in COVID-19 Containment and Treatment

Source:SCIO  March 23, 2020

  YuYanhong: Good Afternoon. It is the third time that I come to the news conference held by the Information Office of the State Council in Hubei. I have briefed the press of the involvement and role of TCM in the last two news conferences and Iam grateful to the journalists for your related reports. Your recognition and acknowledgementis enormouslyencouraging for us to continue our job.

  With the changing epidemic situation, especially the pandemic occurrence, what can we share with the world in regard to the Chinese experience in TCM? It has attracted your tremendous attention.

  As the COVID-19 being the global threat, the experts present and I hope, through more dialogue and communication, to share the story of the epidemic containment and treatment with TCM.

  Secretary General Xi Jinping attaches great importance to the containment of COVID-19 by personal involvementin leadership, instruction, and deployment. He reiterated the integration of TCM and western medicine and the combination of TCM and western medicine drugs. With the leadership of CPC Central Committee with Xi at the core, implementing the deployment of the Leading Group of the CPC Central Committee for COVID-19 Prevention and Control, required by Premier Li Keqiang and Comrade Wang Huning, the Central Steering Group led by Vice Premier Sun Chunlan, forcefully push forward the full and in-depth intervention TCM in the treatment. What has been done with TCM is as follows:

  I. Pooling the best expertise. Over 4,900 TCM workers come to support Hubei from all over the country, accounting for 13% of the total medical workers coming from outside Hubei. Among the TCM workers, there are 3 academicians and hundreds of experts. The scale and strength of assistance is unprecedented.

  II. Classifying the treatments. For mild and convalescent cases, TCM intervenes early. For severe and critical cases, the treatment protocol and technical plan were set up for the integrated treatment of TCM and western medicine. During the first days of the epidemic, when many suspected patients were waiting for their test results, TCM decoctions and drugs were given to slow down the progression of the disease and mitigate the pressure of the limited medical resources.

  III. Screening effective drugs and formulas. In order to promote the technological research, we carried out observations on the clinical efficacy of the TCM drugs and formulas included in the 5th, 6th and 7thDiagnosis and Treatment Protocol. Till now, three drugs and three formulas proved effective, i.e. Jinhua Qinggan Granule, Lianhua Qingwen Capsule, Xuebijing Injection, Lung Cleansing and Detoxifying Decoction, Dampness Resolving and Detoxifying Decoction, and Lung Diffusing and Detoxifying Decoction.

  It is widely acknowledged that TCM plays an important role and is one of the merits in the epidemicprevention and control. Here I would like to share some numbers. Among the confirmed COVID-19 cases, 74,187 were given TCM, accounting for 91.5% of the total; 61,449 in Hubei, accounting for 90.6% of the local cases. The observationon clinical efficacy shows that the effective rate of TCM exceeds 90%. TCM helps to relieve the symptoms, to reduce the progression from mild to severe and critical, to increase recovery rate, to decrease mortality rate and to bring the convalescentto normal body functions.

  In the prevention and control of COVID-19, TCM doctors came on the scene as soon as possible. With their good will and good skills, they took actions and brought the advantage of TCM into full play, thus playing an important part in combating COVID-19.

  TCM is the treasure of ancient Chinese science. It is a holistic medicine that integrates prevention, treatment and rehabilitation. It has a long history and is well known by all Chinese people. In the events of a major epidemic, we would find solutions from it. Such TCM classics as Sun Simiao’s Qian Jinfang , Zhang Zhongjing’s Treatise on Febrile and Miscellaneous Diseases, Wu Youke’s Treatise on Pestilence and Wu Jutong’s Item Differentiation of Warm Febrile Diseases systematically summarized the basic theories, clinical practice, classical formulas and technical methods of TCM in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases. Those classics are the united wisdom of ancient Chinese in continuously exploring, cogitating and summarizing the laws of preventing and treating epidemic diseases. Researcher Tu Youyou was inspired by Ge Hong's Handbook of Prescriptions for Emergencies and discovered artemisinin, which has saved millions of lives worldwide, and she thus was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

  TCM has also been effective in treating viral infections. In recent years, viral respiratory infections have been prevalent. TCM has also achieved significant results in the treatment of SARS, H1N1 and other diseases, and has accumulated rich experience in treating newly emerginginfectious diseases. Studies have confirmed that TCM can improve the overall balance and immunity ofthehuman body, while also inhibiting and killing viruses.

  In the early days, there wereno effective drugs and vaccines for the virus. We summed up the laws and experience of TCM intreating viral infectious diseases, carefully selected formulas from ancient TCM classics, combined with clinical practice, and formed the protocols of TCM treatment and integrated TCM and western medicine treatment of COVID-19, which become the important feature and advantage of Chinese protocol. We also selected effective formulas represented by "three drugs and three formulas". This fully proves that TCM, the precious heritage passed by our ancestors once again stands the test of time. It is worth cherishing, and is still useful, effective and of low cost.

  The epidemic respects no borders. The virus is the common enemy of mankind. We are willing to share with all other countries these valuable experience and effective treatment methods we have accumulated. As Mr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director-General of World Health Organization, said, the epidemic inChina has been reversed, and China's anti-epidemic measures have achieved obvious outcomethrough practice and are worth learning from.

  Here, through the press, we would like to say that TCM community in China is willing to further strengthen cooperation and exchanges with international colleagues, share experience of epidemic prevention and treatment, and provide effective TCM drugs, expert consultation and aid in our best abilities to the countries and regions in need. Thank you.

  Reporter from Bloomberg News: To which countries has China given advice on the TCM treatment of COVID-19, and have some other countries used TCM in the treatment? How's the efficacy?

  Yu Yanhong:Thank you for your concern in the international cooperation of TCM. The public health crisis is a common challenge facing mankind, and solidarity and cooperation are the most powerful weapons. After the outbreak of COVID-19, many countries and nations gave China selfless assistance. People from different countries yelled "Come on, China" and "Come on, Wuhan", making us feel understanding, support and trust across borders. Now, the epidemic is spreading in many countries and regions. China is willing to carry out TCM international cooperation in the prevention and control of the epidemic with countries in need and provide assistance within our capacity. The following work has been carried out:

  First, sharing treatment experience. In treating COVID-19, we timely took the initiative to cooperate with WHO, and shared the information of TCM prevention and control of the epidemic. The full text of the updatedTCM Protocol on the Diagnosis and Treatment of COVID-19 was translatedand puton the website of National Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine. We offered to sharethe protocol with other countries and regions in need, and they can also read the full text online at any time. It should be said the protocol is the most valuable experience obtained from the collectivemanagement and treatment of tens of thousands of patients in a short period of time. It is indeed precious and TCM treatment proves quite good. We also provided technical guidance through vedio conferenceand shared treatment experience with Japan, South Korea, Italy, Iran, Singapore and other countries. Prof. Zhang Boli, Prof. Liu Qingquan andDr.Qiu Haibo communicated with international colleaguesseveral times through onlinemeetings. A few days ago, Prof. Zhang Boli communicated online with US. Yesterday, Dr. Tong Xiaoling, an academician,conducted anonlineconsultation in diagnosing and treating patients far away in Iran.

  Second, donating TCM products. Some Chinese organizations and institutions have donated TCM patent medicines, processedpieces, acupuncture needles, etc. to a dozen of countries and regions, such as Italy, FranceandHong Kong SAR,MacauSAR China. Just now, Prof. Zhang Boli and Prof. Huang Luqi, both academicians,mentionedthis. So, I won't go into details.

  Third, sending TCM doctors abroad. Up to now, some TCM experts have already gone to Italy and Cambodia to fight the epidemic. As far as I know, Chinese TCM experts have been keeping close contact with overseas experts. From the feedback they have received, the efficacy is pretty good.

  TCM is the wisdom of Chinese people in their daily practice of understanding life, elaborating lives, and revealing life and death. It provides the strategies of "prevention of disease and its deterioration” in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases. It is worth inheriting, developing and making use of. Tu Youyou, aChinese Nobel Prize owner, once said that TCM is a great treasure, and artemisinin is a gift of TCM to the whole world. I believe that TCM was, is, and will still bean important weapon for mankind to fight the "epidemic". We are willing to work with all countries in the world to overcome COVID-19 as soon as possible, and to write a colorful chapter for the promotion of human health. Thank you!

  Translated by ZhaoHong ,Wu Sufang

 
 
 
 
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